Sapphire monocrystal irradiated by high energy Bi ions
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Sapphire monocrystal irradiated by high energy Bi ions

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AFM image of sapphire monocrystal irradiated by 710 Mev Bi ions. Each incident ion produce the conical hillock of amorphised Al2O3 of 15 nm base diameter and 1.5 nm height.

Sample courtesy of V. A. Skuratov, Flerov Laboratry of Nuclear Reactions, Joint Institute of Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia.

sapphire_monocrystal_irradiated_by_high_energy_bi_ions_700x700x3
sapphire_monocrystal_irradiated_by_high_energy_bi_ions_700x700x3
Sapphire monocrystal irradiated by high energy Bi ions
AFM image of sapphire monocrystal irradiated by 710 Mev Bi ions. Each incident ion produce the conical hillock of amorphised Al2O3 of 15 nm base diameter and 1.5 nm height.

Sample courtesy of V. A. Skuratov, Flerov Laboratry of Nuclear Reactions, Joint Institute of Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia.
size: 700x700x3.0 nm
SPM principle: Intermittent contact mode
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