NT-MDT in the USA. News Letter #3, January 2015

NT-MDT in the USA. News Letter #3, January 2015

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AFM/Raman instrument based on NTEGRA Spectra (NT-MDT) scanning probe microscope
and Thermo Scientific™ DXR™ Raman microscope.
Combining AFM with Raman: NT-MDT and Thermo Fisher Scientific
Since last year the joint efforts of NT-MDT and Thermo Fisher Scientific, one of the main manufacturers of scientific instrumentation in the world, have led to the development of the combined AFM/Raman instrument (see the photo above) capable of simultaneous recording of AFM images and Raman maps at specific wavebands, including tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy experiments. The capabilities of  this  instrument were verified in a number of studies of various materials   and the collected data were presented in the Application Note: “Characterization of Materials with a Combined  AFM/Raman Microscope” and were  reported in the latest  NT-MDT Webinar  on January 12. Currently, there is a series   of coordinated engineering, application, marketing and sales efforts  from  both  companies  for  the successful promotion of the instrument in the USA and worldwide.
Quantitative Nanomechanics with HybriD™ Mode
Local nanomechanical studies are an essential capability of AFM, which can be realized in contact mode and oscillatory resonant and non-resonant modes. The elastic modulus and work of adhesion can be extracted from the force curves. It is done most efficiently in the HybriD mode where the quantitative maps of these properties can be obtained on-line simultaneously with the height images. The validity of the quantitative measurements is verified on the test set of neat polymer samples (polystyrene and two different polyethylenes) with macroscopic Young modulus in the range from tens of MPa to several GPa. We are exploring this functionality in depth, and in case of heterogeneous samples we have achieved the mapping of the elastic modulus at the sub-100 nm scale. The illustration of the high-resolution modulus mapping is given by the elastic modulus map (512´512) of high-density polyethylene (HDPE), see below. In this picture an amorphous interlamellar layer of 10 nm in width is clearly seen in the map and in the related cross-section.
  More examples of high-resolution mapping of mechanical properties of polymers will be shown in the upcoming NT-MDT Webinar on February 12. In another approach to local nanomechanical properties, we are exploring the use of amplitude-versus-distance curves, which are recorded in amplitude modulation mode.

The analysis of these curves in terms of solid state deformation models is complicated due to a non-trivial relation between amplitude/phase and the tip-sample forces.

The problem can be solved as shown in our research paper “Modeling and Measurements in Atomic Force Microscopy Resonance Modes” by S. Belikov et al, which is accepted for publication at American Control Conference, 2015. The experimental verification of these calculations is on the way.
Map of elastic modulus
of HDPE sample.
A cross-section along the white dashed line is shown below.
From the Laboratories
In Tempe office, we appreciate greatly the requests of the researchers regarding different capabilities of our AFM microscopes, and we are happy to help them by evaluating their samples. In one of such interactions with Salman Manzoor (Holman Lab, ASU) we have been challenged by an examination of Si profiles of several microns in height. Such profiles are essential features of black Si – the light- harvesting element of solar panels. We have performed these measurements with Titanium scanning probe microscope using the high-aspect ratio
  probes with single crystal diamond tips. Two examples of these studies are given below. The first height image shows the Si pyramids, and the inverted pyramids are shown in the second 3D height image. The cross-section profiles reveal the height corrugations in the 6-8 microns range. The precise evaluation of the sample topography of these black Si samples and its correlation with light trapping is important for improving the solar cell efficiency.
Height image
of black Si sample.
The cross-section profile along the white
dashed line is shown underneath.
  3D height image (40 nm) of
a model Si sample.
The cross-section profile along the horizontal diagonal is shown underneath.
Forthcoming NT-MDT Events: 2015

February 12:  Webinar “High-Resolution  and Quantitative  Mapping  of  Mechanical  Properties”, which is based on studies of elastic modulus and work of adhesion of polymers in the HybriD mode.
Register at: https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/6919014831885373698
Webinar ID: 123-101-859

February 19-20: NT-MDT AFM/Raman Workshop at Carnegie Mellon University (Pittsburgh, PA), which includes technical presentations and demonstration sessions using NT-MDT microscopes.
Further info: butyaev@ntmdt_america.com

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